Practising law requires specialization where lawyers specialize in such matters and can practice the law either as attorneys, attorney at law, solicitor advocate, barrister, counsel, bar at law, barrister at law as well as counsellor but cannot practice as paralegal or executive secretary of the charter. Lawyers are required to effectively applies theories and knowledge in law to solve problems as well as advance interests of their clients in legal services. Lawyers are required to carry out various roles including arguing in court of law orally on behalf of their clients, doing research and making drafts papers used in a court to argue a case, and counselling their clients and giving them legal advice on issues. Protecting property that is intellectual such as trademarks, patent and designs, drafting contracts as well as drafting trusts, wills and other documents that ensure disposition of a property after a person’s death are also other duties that lawyers may perform on behalf of their clients.
Specialization for lawyers is quite possible where one takes a single line of issues to cover on behalf of their clients such as divorce lawyers, civil lawyers, criminal lawyers. Criminal lawyers are one line of specialization which involves a lawyer in defending companies and individuals who have been charged with criminal activities in a court of law. Since criminal lawyers need to capture all the details regarding the criminal case and advise the client accordingly, there is need to remain in constant communication which should be confidential. It is common to have conflict of interest between the client and the lawyer when lawyers may be representing two opposing clients in a criminal case in a court of law which should be avoided at all times.
Privacy and privilege for clients is key on any information exchanged between the client and the criminal lawyer including advise given. There are situations when the privilege accorded may be exempted such as the clients may use the advice offered to commit more crimes, doing body harm and injury to themselves as well as committing suicide. When performing duties on behalf of their clients, they have to be zealous to ensure that any defence thy represent in court is viable. Since facts are viable in a defence in a court of law, the criminal lawyer should look for all sources of these facts that relate to the case such as reviewing the reports from the police, interviewing the witnesses, among others. Honesty in a court of law during a defence is key more so when tabling the facts. When a company or individual has been charged in a court of law with criminal charges, it is important to seek that services of a criminal lawyer as soon as possible. The lawyer will ensure that one’s rights and responsibilities have been followed to the letter.